There has been some talk of late about the school curriculum and the changes it is going through. These changes, like any change, cause ripple effects of anxiety on students, teachers and parents. But what are the learning expectations of our young students?
I have been looking at www.australiancurriculum.edu.au for some guidance just so I, as a tutor, am aware and aligned with expectations. I would advise popping onto the website and having a look. Meanwhile I will give a brief summary focusing on maths as this is the area parent seek the most guidance from tutors.
By the end of Year One a school student is expected to know the numbers to one hundred; skip count by 2, 5 and 10; and be able to locate numbers on a number line. Simple addition is accomplished by counting on, re-arranging or performing partitioning. Fractions are introduced as they learn to recognise “1/2″ and be able to tell the time to the half hour.
I mentioned only a small area of the curriculum as these are the areas I see most when a student is presented for tuition. At this stage of learning any short coming in these areas may be made up by parents sitting down with their little one and turn learning into some form of game. There are several aids available from various websites and suggestions on the Australian Curriculum site.
If you are a parent with a young student in Australia, then chances are you have your mind in a muddle as to education expectations.
In Year 1 students have mastered the numbers up to 100 and skip counting by 2, 5 and 10. This year sees them progress even further on the number line as they move towards recognising and placing order to the numbers to 1,000, and investigate the number sequences of 2, 3, 5 and 10. It is this year they explore the connection between subtraction and addition.
By the end of this year they will master reading a clock (analogue and digital) to the quarter hour using the words “to” and “past” appropriately. They will be able to name the months of the year in the correct order as well as the seasons of the year. They will be able to use a calendar to find the date and know the number of days to the month.
This is only a small amount that is on the curriculum and only relates to maths as this is the area, as a tutor, I see the most problems. How can you help your child with their studies? Do you remember this:“Thirty days has September, April, June and November,all the rest have thirty-one days clear,except February alone which has twenty-eight daysand twenty-nine each leap year.
“These are the best years of your life.”, self-assuring words spruiked by many a parent and teacher to seven-year-old students who don’t need reassurance after remembering their potty-training years. They have just cruised through the first two years of primary school, they know all the numbers, the alphabet and can write their name; what else is there to learn?
Year 3 is where many young students realise their world will never be the same again. It is during this year they discover numbers do not stop at 1,000 but continue all the way to 10,000 and they must know their order, place value, and be able to recognise if they are odd or even! Not only that but there are numbers smaller than one that no-one told them about as they are introduced to the fractions 1/2, 1/4, 1/3, and 1/5.
When learning the multiplication table by heart for 2, 3, 5 and 10 no-one warned them about having to manage multiplying a two-digit number by a single digit number, without a smart phone. In fact, they are expected to develop strategies to perform addition and subtraction in their head (mental maths). Counting on, regrouping and partitioning are all strategies employed to perform mental maths.
It is during this year our students are introduced to metric measurement. I hear very few complaints from students in our tuition centre about learning measurements. I simply remind them that learning 1,000 metres equals one kilometre is much easier than remembering there are 1,760 yards to a mile, 22 yards to a chain, or 16 ounces to a pound.
Yes, there is a lot to learn in Year 3 (and this is only maths) and yes, these may be the best years of their life because Year 5 is ahead of them, but we won’t tell them about that yet.
By Peter Kenyon – Online Maths Primary Maths Tutor